24 lakh job vacancies in central and state government departments: Why is this happening and can the vacancies be filled?

  12-Aug-2018 14:52:48

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At a time of increasing agitation concerning unemployment in the nation, a data assembled from responses to questions in Parliament expose that around 24 lakh positions are still unfilled within the central and state governments. As stated by a report in Times of India, except for vacancies in the government-sponsored Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, much of the positions are unfilled in the department of states and Union territory administrations. An answer in Rajya Sabha disclosed that more than 10 lakh jobs are lying empty for the posts of teacher in elementary and secondary level schools. A reply to a question on March 27, 2018, revealed that in the lower house, about 4.4 lakh is still vacant in civil and district armed police forces. In a response to a different question in the Lok Sabha, it was revealed that there are approximately 90,000 posts unfilled in state armed police forces. Hence, a total of 5.4 lakh posts are still unfilled in the police forces. There are 2.5 lakh vacant positions amongst non-gazetted staff in Indian Railways, while approximately 1.5 lakh posts continue to be vacant in health centres. Even though the government has issued 2 declarations in the month of February of this year to fill more than 89,000 of these vacancies. Speaking of which, there are more than 1.2 lakh vacant posts in the defence services and paramilitary forces. More than 61,000 of these are in paramilitary forces whilst the accumulated number for the 3 defence forces is more than 62,000, Times of India reported in the data estimating answers to Rajya Sabha questions on March 14 and 19 and a Lok Sabha question on April 4. The report additionally affirms that according to a Lok Sabha question answered on March 28 indicates more than 54,000 vacancies in the postal department, another significant government employer. The greatest number of vacant positions are unsurprisingly in states with bad results—Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Rajasthan.

It’s a fast-paced year on the economic front, with the government trying to reassess base years for crucial economic data and publish a new labour survey. And with just a few months to go before the upcoming election, the data is moreover undergoing rising surveillance as BJP’s political opponents doubt his assertions about crucial campaign promises concerning employment. Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray on 5th August 2018 railed at BJP-led administrations in Centre and Maharashtra, claiming they were “fooling people”. Taking the floor in front of the members of MNS’ civic unions, he stated that the governments were introducing programs costing several “crores and crores of rupees” on a day-to-day basis in spite of having no money to fill the current vacancies in numerous government divisions. Quoting media reports which stated 24 lakh government positions were still unfilled at the Union and state levels, Thackeray commented, “On one hand, there is a vacancy of 24 lakh posts, and on the other, projects and schemes worth crores and crores of rupees are being announced”. “If the government is running short of money and is, therefore, not filling these vacancies, how come it is launching such projects worth crores?” he called into question. “Can anyone tell me what students must be doing in schools and colleges (where teachers’ posts are vacant) and why crime won’t rise (due to ashortage of police personnel)?” he further questioned in a snide comment.

There are a lot of excuses for why these positions are unfilled. The Ministry of Human Resource Development, for example, recites procedural hold-ups, lack of professionally qualified candidates, an inadequate number of applicants, and a shortage of subject experts as causes for the pile-up of vacancies. Next comes the debacle of principles. The accepted image concerning government is that all government is awful. It can be claimed that the duty and importance of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd., which has more than 150000 job vacancies, requires modification. It is a crucial call that requires a discussion on whether India is all set for a "private only" communications outlook. Likewise, it is viable that the manual ‘safety and security’ posts in the Railways are superfluous, that the present series of accidents is fixed in outdated machinery and systems; that there is a requirement for introduction of technology to convey well-being and dependability. This tactic must be ushered in by a schedule and calls for a reevaluation of superfluities. Additionally, neither the parties in the leading government nor those in the Opposition have held the administrations –regardless if it's at the centre or in the states – responsible for the doggedness of these vacancies.

Governments are required to assure the safety of citizens and that of organizations. The duty of the state is required and essential. Human development such as health and education for example, demands the investment of capital and administrators. It is plausible that digitization will remove the demand for a workforce in various sectors. In the meantime, there is the necessity to make the difference between political oaths and public breakdown in administration smaller. There is also the question of securing the honour of employment to safeguard societal peace and political cohesion.