PM Modi’s One Lakh Crore Investment in Education by 2022. Is He Moving towards Populism in the Pre-election Year?

  27-Oct-2018 03:25:16

Modi Education BJP

On Saturday, 29 Sep, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while speaking at the 'Conference on Academic Leadership on Education for Resurgence' said that the Union government is aiming to invest 1 lakh crores in the education sector by the year 2022 towards improving the quality of education and infrastructure. He also emphasised the importance of character-building over literacy and called for ‘wholesome’ education in the country.

“I insist that students should not just be restricted to classrooms, but they should also be part of the aspirations of the country,”

PM Modi said while delivering the inaugural speech at the ‘Conference on Academic Leadership on Education for Resurgence.

In this conference that was attended by Vice Chancellors and Directors of over 350 higher education institutions, PM Modi also said,

'Knowledge and education are not restricted to books. We have to think of the philosophy of 'Global Citizen and Global Village'.

He also added that universities like Takashashila, Nalanda, Vikramshila emphasized on innovation with knowledge, focusing on the point that the purpose of education is to enable balanced growth of every dimension of a human being, which is not possible without innovation.

Talking about this investment-Was this a political idea or an activity that was intended to get the support of ordinary people by giving them what they want in the pre-election year?

Let’s find out:

PM Modi says, “My target is 2022, not 2019. 2022 will mark 75 years of India's Independence. We have five years to contribute to change India."

Therefore, he is trying to contribute his share of effort to change India not just economically but also educationally and politically in ways that never were thought of.

Not only is his focus on education but also on 'New India' that "will be powered by the strength of each and every citizen of India, an India driven by innovation, hard work and creativity, an India characterised by peace, unity and brotherhood, an India free from corruption, terrorism, black money and dirt."-PM Narendra Modi’s Vision for 2022.

The hashtag #IamNewIndia lists the following pledges to be ticked: stand for a corruption-free India, increase cashless transactions, work towards Swachh Bharat, ensure a drugs free India, encourage women-led development, protect nature and natural resources, support those with disabilities, work for shanti, ekta and sadbhavana (peace, unity and social harmony) and be a job creator, not a job seeker.

These were his visions for India once he had started his governance over India. Therefore, in a way he’s trying to accomplish all that he had planned for India prior the elections of 2019.

Also this might also be his strategy to win hearts of India just the year before the elections for the new Prime Minister. He’s trying to implement all that he had promised in the elections of 2015. This way he is trying to feed into the minds of the people that he does what he says and does not just have empty talks with the public.

Most Populist strategy of PM Modi in the elections of 2015 were–

Portrayed himself as an outsider and, more importantly, a challenger to the long-entrenched political hierarchies in Delhi. He wore his humble background on his sleeve, depicting the choice between him and Congress leader Rahul Gandhi as a contest between a ‘chaiwallah’ (tea-seller) and a ‘shehzada’ (prince). Flaunting his chaiwallah credentials, PM Modi railed against the Congress establishment which he depicted as elitist and out of touch with the problems of the common man. He promised to change things for people.

This populist appeal brought new voters to the polls, and the voter turnout in 2015 was eight percentage points higher than in 2010. Data from the National Election Surveys of 2010 and 2015, collected by Lokniti-Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, show a clear link between the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance’s performance in 2015 and the increase in turnout. If we compare the percentage point increase in turnout at the constituency-level with the winning party in that constituency, we find that the BJP and its allies had a higher likelihood of winning seats where the turnout increase was the greatest. For instance, in 2015, the NDA won 67 out of the 70 seats (96%) where the voter turnout went up by over 15 percentage points since 2010. In the 145 seats that saw turnout go up by 10-15 percentage points, the NDA won 125 seats, a success rate of 86%. In the 267 seats where turnout increase was less than 10 percentage points, the NDA won 123 seats (46%). And in seats where the polling percentage decreased compared to 2010, the NDA won only 21 of 61 such seats, a strike rate of just 34%.

Is really trying to move towards populism for the next year??

Written by:

Nikita Moolchandani